Panels

Panel 1: Friday, April 20th 3:30 – 4:45 PM

Meeting Growing Energy Demand in Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunities

Joseph C. Brandt, President and Chief Executive Officer, ContourGlobal

Dai Jones, President and General Manager, Tullow Oil Ghana

Greg Saunders, Senior Director, International Affairs, BP

H.E. Elin Suleymanov, Ambassador of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United States

William Moomaw, Professor of International Environmental Policy, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and Director, Center for International Environment and Resource Policy (Moderator)

The world’s need for energy continues to rise. Population and economic growth could increase global energy demand by as much as 40% by 2030 with over 90% of demand coming from the developing world. Economic growth is the necessary condition to elevate billions of people from poverty. Securing safe, reliable and affordable energy resources is integral to the process. From Africa to Asia, governments in developing countries are partnering with international energy companies from the U.S., Europe and China to meet growing energy demand, to transform their economies, to alleviate poverty, to advance technology and to expand to global markets. While these partnerships are critical, they also highlight the complex political, legal, regulatory, environmental and social challenges associated with meeting increasing energy demand. How do developing countries plan to meet energy demand while at the same time alleviating poverty, sustaining the environment and addressing climate change? What is the role of international energy companies in assisting developing countries secure these resources? What are some of the main issues faced in these partnerships and how are they being addressed?

Panel 2: Saturday, April 21st 9:45 – 11:00 AM

The End of “Easy” Fossil Fuels: Projections, Need and Innovation

Emanuele Calviello, President & CEO,  Eni USA Gas Marketing LLC, Eni Trading & Shipping Inc.

Bob MacKnight, Director, PFC Energy

Brooks Yeager, Executive Director for Policy, Clean Air – Cool Planet

Wendi Weber, Vice President Commercial Development Lummus Technology, CB & I

Bruce Everett, Adjunct Associate Professor, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Moderator)

Leading energy forecasts indicate that fossil fuels will continue to produce between 75 to 80% of the world’s energy by 2030. Despite the declining production of traditional fossil fuel resources, many analysts argue that North America’s future fossil energy supply will come from unconventional resources, such as tar sands and natural gas in the form of coal bed methane and shale. Major discoveries in the Arctic and European “High North” estimate that up to 25% of global unproven fossil energy deposits could reside in those remote locations. The evolution of the world’s fossil fuel supply raises serious technological, security and environmental questions. This panel asks: What are the technical and economic challenges in developing unconventional fossil fuels? What impact could Nordic offshore resources have on world energy markets and on “circumpolar” energy relations? What are the major low-carbon technologies being developed by the private sector that strive to make fossil fuel combustion cleaner? Can these technologies contribute to the sustainable use of fossil energy and maintain the energy sector’s economic competitiveness?

Panel 3: Saturday, April 21st 1:15 – 2:30 PM

Clean Nuclear: Responsible Management for a Carbon-Constrained Future

Frank Ackerman, Director of Climate Economics Group, Stockholm Environment Institute

Ellen C. Ginsberg, Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary, Nuclear Energy Institute

Julian Kelly, Chief Technology Officer, Thor Energy and Senior Project Manager, World Nuclear Association

Nick Liparulo, Senior Vice President, Nuclear Services, Westinghouse Electric Company

Robert Hannemann, Director, Tufts Gordon Institute (Moderator)

In the wake of Fukushima, the future of nuclear power is far from certain; new generation technologies promise to produce clean baseload power with minimal safety and waste concerns but remain untested. Meanwhile, the specter of nuclear disasters poses challenges to the responsible use of this low-carbon energy source. Scientists, business, NGOs and policy makers are all major stakeholders in the battle over nuclear. The issue has become deeply politicized around the world. This panel focuses on the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix. It asks: What policies and regulatory measures can be employed for upgrading the safety and security of existing and planned nuclear facilities? What role can new designs such as thorium reactors and small to medium scale modular nuclear reactors play in creating a safer, more secure nuclear energy system?

Panel 4: Saturday, April 21st 1:15 – 2:30 PM

21st Century Energy on a 19th Century Grid: Making Intermittent Energy Work

Richard Baxter, President, Mustang Prairie, LLC

Michael Brower, Chief Technical Officer, AWS Truepower

Letha Tawney, Senior Associate, World Resources Institute

Bill White, Senior Adviser, Americans for a Clean Energy Grid

Matt Panzer, Assistant Professor of Chemical & Biological Engineering, Tufts University (Moderator)

While solar and wind resources offer clean and renewable sources of power, they are geographically distributed and inconsistently available. To become more reliable and economically feasible in the developed world, we are presented with the challenge of integrating wind and solar sources into our existing grid system. This panel will discuss some of the main challenges and solutions to the developed world’s shift towards a clean energy system. What kind of a role can we expect solar and wind to play in our energy mix? What are the transmission system policy adjustments that might help to facilitate this transition? Are there innovations that could change the game?

Panel 5: Saturday, April 21st 2:45 – 4:00 PM

Renewable Energy Growth in a Post-Stimulus World: Boom or Bust?

Bram Claeys, Renewable Energy Policy Director, Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources

Raimund Grube, President & COO, Element Power

John B. Howe, Director of Public Affairs, FloDesign Wind Turbine Corporation

Daniel Hullah, Partner, RockPort Capital

Philipp Uhlmann, Adjunct Assistant Professor of International Business, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Moderator)

Since 2008, more than $65 billion in tax credits, grants and loans have been infused into the U.S. renewable energy sector through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Despite this unprecedented public support, three innovative solar companies, Solyndra, Evergreen Solar and SpectraWatt, filed for bankruptcy and other renewable startups are going out of business. As the ARRA funds and governmental subsidies come to an end, one must ask, what is the appropriate role of government in supporting the renewable energy sector – how can the government provide finance without potentially distorting the market? In a post-stimulus world, will private lenders and investors pick up where the government leaves off or will renewable energy finance dry up?

Panel 6: Saturday, April 21st 2:45 – 4:00 PM

Bridging the Gap: Towards a Nexus Approach to Water and Energy

Nicholas Cizek, ARPA-E Fellow

Charlie Heaps, Senior Scientist, Center Director, Stockholm Environment Institute

Allan R. Hoffman, Senior Analyst, U.S. Department of Energy

Shafiqul Islam, Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bernard M. Gordon Senior Faculty Fellow in Engineering, Tufts University

Energy and water are interrelated in such a way that one cannot be discussed without considering the other. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2.8 billion people are living in areas of high water stress. If this trend continues, this figure could rise up to 3.9 billion by 2030. As populations rise and increase their food consumption, agricultural competition for water will intensify. At the same-time, rising demand for energy—both conventional and alternative—will significantly increase water consumption per unit of energy produced. Taking a “nexus approach” to balance the trade-offs of energy production and water consumption is receiving greater attention from both the public and private sectors. However, major gaps remain in understanding this approach and its applicability to current market realities. What are the new management approaches being developed to address trade-offs between water consumption and energy production? Is the “nexus approach” the best solution? How can we move forward with clean technologies while simultaneously addressing water scarcity and efficient management?